The things that planners need to know in their profession

In a planning process, there are various things that a planner needs to know.

Needs of the Community

First, the planner should know the needs of the community to which the plan is implemented. For instance, in an educational plan the planner should know the skills required by the students at the end of their education. This knowledge helps planners to develop necessary objectives and strategic approaches to achieve them.

Aspects pf Planning

A planner should also know the aspects of planning from a professional perspective (Yiftachel, 2006). He/she should develop the required knowledge for plan-making and project evaluation. It is through the cognitive and intelligent aspect that the planner can develop effective planning; but without hard training and practice, the plan may fail due to lack of some techniques and skills required for professional planners. In other words, planners should have planning and project implementation knowledge.

Technical Requirements

In a context of university planning, the planners should know the type of courses that most students want; and the likely number of applicants each year. The planners should also know the demographic aspects of the institutions in order to allocate resources and responsibilities to the most suitable people at the most appropriate time (Yiftachel, 2006). Planners should also know their environment well before making a plan so that they can design a plan that meet the needs of the people in that environment.

Legal Requirements

A planner should also know the legal framework within their planning context. This will enable them to plan effectively in compliance with the laws within their jurisdictions. For instance, planning for a university degree program requires the planners to understand the laws governing education within their countries. Planners should also know the rules relating to third parties.

Interaction between Economic, Social and Political Issues

Planners should also understand the interaction between economic, social and political issues across in the wider community or jurisdiction of the planning environment (Yiftachel, 2006). This ensures that the planners allocate resources efficiently and develop activities that will be in line with the needs of the community. In this perspective, planners should also know the economic, social and political factors that may affect their planning. As a result, they will be able to develop dynamic plans that will adjust according to the changing environment.

Problem Solving

Planners also need to know how to solve problems using technical knowledge, human services, and use of physical resources (Anderson, 2005). They should be able to articulate alternatives to the physical and social planning environment. Furthermore, planners need to know the effects of choosing each alternative.

Networks of People

In order to develop effective plans, planners are also required to know a network or networks of people who will help in the planning process. Since planning is a process of consensus and collaborative activities, it is necessary for the planners to engage with the right people who will provide appropriate knowledge and skills of planning, or at least necessary moral support and advice for the planner.

Having an Accreditation

Professional planners also need to know the importance of having an accreditation. They should be certified in order to gain support from the people engaged in the planning process. Planners should know the types of accreditation available for them depending on their context of planning. They should also need to know that accreditation requires one to sit for an exam, so they should learn a lot of issues related to the planning profession.

Primary Obligations and Ethical Standards

Lastly, planners need to know their primary obligation in the planning process and the ethical standards required for them to operate as professional planners. Plans developed by professional planners need to meet certain ethical standards just like in any other profession such as accounting, teaching, and nursing. Planners need to understand that they have the primary responsibility of meeting the interests of their clients and contributing to the growth and sustainable development of the planning profession. They should also know that they have the duty of professional proficiency, knowledge and diligence to the highest standards possible.

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