The Costs of Starting a Poultry Farming Business in Kenya

Poultry farming requires investment. You can arrange the money by your own or you can apply for bank loan. Both govt. and non-govt. bank loans are available for starting poultry farming business. You should contact your desired bank for the loan process. As a beginner, you should start with a minimum number of birds which will cost you pretty less money.

How much do I need to start a poultry farm?

In one hand, I would have loved to compare your intending poultry venture to giving birth to many children. You will have to feed them, cloth them and house them, plus give them proper medications… all these methodically.

And to be candid, if you`re not willing to take care of your chickens as you`ll your children, maybe you should not start a chicken farm at all.

The Cost of Starting a Poultry Farm in Kenya

If you`re a beginner on this business, you definitely have interest in this question. However, as much as I will love to give you a straight answer here, there is no straight answer.

Do you know? What a farmer uses to acquire land alone may be what another person will use to start and run a profitable poultry business.

Land, which is one of the major expenses you will incur is vary in price. This depends on location.

What you have to do is to make your findings. Every other instruments, feeds and medications you will need will vary too, depending on where you are living, so don`t let me make any futile guess that may confuse you.

This is what I want you to do. Make a list of everything you`ll need (from land to the littlest vaccine) and move out to investigate their prices in your vicinity.

I know you may not know what you will need (since I’ve assumed you don`t know anything about poultry farming business), so below I will make a list of what and what you will need.

  1. Land/space. This depends on your intending scale (I mean size of your farm). What if you have a large space at your backyard? It may be good to start with in a small scale.
  2. A waste disposal system. Where will you be disposing the waste from your farm?
  3. A clean source of water. I mean clean (I have told you that you`ll have to take care of your birds like children)
  4. Lighting and heat will be needed.
  5. Storage space for keeping your birds` foods, vaccines and eggs.
  6. Those things you see them putting chicken`s food on.
  7. Where they drink from.
  8. Nests
  9. Perches
  10. Egg trays or crates
  11. Vaccines and food which could be your major expenses

Honestly, I might have missed a few things here but when you visit the retailers who deal in these equipment you`ll be reminded.

Before you start your poultry farming business, it is important that you have enough details on the cost implication of the project. I have seen many people jump at such projects without having enough details of what it would cost them and along the line; they end up frustrated when they find out that the start-up cost is more than they bargained or prepared for.

In order to avoid this type of problem, it is important that you read this chapter thoroughly and also carry out a personal research of your own; so that you can have full details on the costs of setting up your poultry farm.

First, you have to decide if you want to set up a small scale poultry farm or a very large one. This is the first factor that would determine your start-up cost. For instance, if you want to set up a backyard poultry farm, you may not need to spend too much money.

You will probably just need to build a good cage for the birds, provide a good feeding and water drinking system and then provide some warmth and security for the birds. But if you want to go into large scale poultry farming, you would need a whole lot of materials, equipment and tools. Some of the things you would need include:

  1. Land

First, you would need to purchase a good plot of land that would be suitable for farming. Farm lands are usually cheaper than lands in residential areas, so you may be lucky to get a very sizable plot at a very good price.

In Kenya for instance, you can get a very good plot of farm land with about Ksh.300,000. I am certain that regardless of which county you decide to set up your poultry farm, you should be able to get a good farmland within the price range of Ksh.250,000 and Ksh.500,000 or even cheaper.

  1. Construction Costs

The next stage after purchase of land is construction. You would have to build a cage to keep the birds in. When you have decided on the most suitable one for you, then you can call in experts to give you a quote but using Kenya as a case study, then I will say a good poultry housing would cost you nothing less than Ksh.150,000 but it still depends on the size of your poultry farm. You may also need to construct some building like stores for keeping equipment and supplies and maybe a security/farm house for farm laborers.

  1. Chicks

The next thing you would have to spend on is getting chicks to start your farm with. As a beginner, you wouldn’t have chicks of your own yet so you would have to buy from other poultry farmers. The number of chicks you would need depends on the size of your farm and the capacity of the poultry housing you have constructed.

The price would also depend on the size of the chicks. Day old chicks are usually very cheap and one chick cost between Ksh.80 – 100. You may even get it for cheaper but you have to be careful when handling day old chicks because they are usually at a high risk of dying.

  1. Poultry Equipment

This is yet another thing that is dependent on the size of your poultry farm and the nature of your business. If you want to hatch and sell chicks for instance, you would have to buy hatchery equipment. If you want to process meat for sale, you would also need meat processing equipment. The same thing goes for if you want to produce your own poultry feed yourself.

So as for cost of equipment, you would really have to sit down and decide on the nature of poultry farming you want to do and find out the type of equipment you would need.

  1. Vaccination

Your birds must be given the necessary medical attention so that they can grow properly and produce efficiently. You have to include the costs of vaccination in your business plan. This cost would also include costs of drugs and payment to the medical consultant that would be called upon to give the birds the required medical attention. Again, you should have a budget of at least Ksh.20,000 for about 200 birds.

  1. Feeding

This is like the most important expense you would undertake in this business. Feeding is very important because the growth and productivity of your birds would depend on how well you feed them. There are different types of poultry feeds for different stages in the bird’s lives.

There is the starter for when they are little chicks, there is the grower for optimal growth and strength and there is the finisher for when they are getting close to the selling stage. You can budget about Ksh.70,000 for 200 chicks but if you want to cut costs of feeding, you can consider producing your own poultry feed. Although this may cost you a lot of money for a start, it would save you a lot of money in the long run.

  1. Cost of Labor

If you are setting up a commercial poultry farm, it is unlikely that you would be capable of handling all the tasks yourself. You may have to employ people to assist you and you would need to pay them. You can make a budget of at least Ksh.100,000 for that but the actual cost would depend on labor rates in the county where you want to set up your poultry farm.

  1. Other Expenses

You should also make out a budget for electricity, transportation, advertising, security, insurance as well as selling and distribution expenses. To get a detailed and accurate cost of setting up your poultry farm, it is advisable for you to carry out your own feasibility study.

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