Human Resource Management Concept

Definition of Human resource management

Human resource management can be defined as a management function used by help managers in the recruitment, selection, training and development of an organization’s members (Aswathappa, 2005).

Armstrong, (2008) also defines HRM as a set of activities which an organization can undertake so as to utilize its resources effectively. Such activities include HR planning, staffing, performance management and training and development.

It is also the management of an organization’s workforce or human resources. This can be done through the attraction and selection, training and assessment as well as the rewarding of workforce.

The main activities and responsibilities of the HRM

  • Recruitment – it attracts the right employees for the company e.g. through advertisement and interviews
  • Selection – the right personnel are selected by the HRM from the list of interviewees e.g. through a selection panel based on the interview’s order of merit
  • Training and development – the selected employees are trained on their roles and continuous development process is carried out e.g. training on the company policies.
  • HR planning – this involves the HRM’s function to plan for the personnel recruitment process e.g. through budgets and time schedules for various HR activities
  • Rewarding – this entails compensating the selected employees once they perform their duties.

Role of Human Resource Management in Business

Employees are important resources to an organization because they add the skills, knowledge, experience and efforts needed to perform tasks to achieve the organization’s objectives. Managing human resources effectively is necessary to motivate and inspire employee to work towards the goals and objectives of the company.

Human resource management contributes to the achievement of an organization’s goals and objectives through the recruitment and training of the best workforce team which can perform well in their functions (Mees and Bonham, 2004).

Human resource managers also motivate employees and encourage good behavior through various HR strategies such as performance management, rewarding, and motivation.

The Human resource management function also acts as a partner to an organization’s CEO. HR managers provide skills to create a good understanding and effective running of the business (HRPA and Knightsbridge, 2011).

Definition of Terms in Human Resource Management

  • Performance appraisal – assessing the talent of employees and comparing their performance with set standards.
  • Rewarding – Compensating workforce for their contributions in the organization
  • HRM Strategic role – recruitment, selection, training and development of workforce
  • Lobbying – this is a concept which refers to the HR action of being in liaison with government agencies to further HRM priorities
  • Talent management – the process of recognizing talent and enabling it to grow in an employee
  • Selection – picking the right person qualified for a given vacancy
  • Recruitment – it is the act of attracting, assessing and picking an appropriate individual for a given job.
  • Training and development – the use of mechanisms of learning and training as well as developing individuals to make their performance in an organization better
  • Succession planning – the process of identifying and developing workforce within an organization to take up leadership positions in an organization
  • Inclusion – the process of bringing together members of different groups from different backgrounds e.g. race, gender, ethnicity etc.

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