How leadership styles relate to employees being stressed

Leadership styles sometimes may lead to stress of employees. This occurs mainly if the leadership styles are oppressive, bureaucratic, dictatorial and malicious (Becker & Gerhart, 1996). Leaders who do not care about the interests of employees but only pursue their own interests tend to give pressure to employees to perform better without providing incentives for them to do so.

Lack of motivation, morale, support and appreciation for employees makes them to be stressed. Lack of balanced work-family relationships is also another source of stress for employees.

Leaders who only ask employees to perform a given task and do not direct them on how to do it, and demand good results cause stress to the employees.

Effective leaders should provide a good working environment for employees; provide support and good remuneration for the work performed by the employees. Without motivation, employees will be demoralized and may end up being stressed by the workload.

Thus, a leadership style that encourages motivation and employee participation will lead to reduced stress in the workplace. On the other hand, a leadership style that encourages autocracy, close supervision and power distance will lead to increased stress.

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