Common Methods Used for Selecting Candidates for Recruitment

When selecting candidates for recruitment, organizations use a variety of methods to assess the candidates’ qualifications, skills, and potential fit for the job and the company culture. The common methods used for candidate selection include:

1) Resume/CV Screening

The initial step of employee recruitment involves reviewing candidates’ resumes or CVs to shortlist those who meet the minimum qualifications and experience requirements for the position. CV screening is important because it allows the HR manager to identify several candidates who match the job specification.

2) Job Applications

Another important method used for employee selection is through job applications. Application forms or online application systems allow organizations to collect specific information from candidates related to their qualifications, work history, and skills.

3) Interviews

Interviews are a fundamental method of assessing candidates’ suitability for a role. They can be conducted in various formats, such as in-person interviews, phone interviews, or video interviews. Interviews are conducted after CV screening to establish key soft skills, attitudes, values and experiences of each candidate. They can also be used to ascertain whether the information provided in the candidate’s CV is correct.

4) Behavioral Interviews

Behavioral interviews focus on assessing how candidates have behaved in specific situations in the past. This method helps gauge their potential performance and reactions in similar scenarios in the future. Behavioral interviews are not entirely separate methods of employee recruitment; they are part of the normal interviewing process of the organization.

5) Technical/Job-related Tests

For roles that require specific technical skills or knowledge, candidates may be required to take technical tests or job-related assessments to demonstrate their expertise. This method of employee selection is used to select candidates for specific roles that require technical skills.

6) Psychometric Assessments

These assessments measure a candidate’s cognitive abilities, personality traits, and behavioral tendencies. They provide insights into a candidate’s suitability for the role and team dynamics. As an employee recruitment method, psychometric assessment is effective in selecting candidates who have the right attitudes and cognitive abilities to perform the job.

7) Work Samples/Portfolios

Candidates may be asked to submit work samples or portfolios showcasing their previous projects, designs, or other relevant work to demonstrate their capabilities. People looking for jobs in project management, research, construction, and engineering are mostly required to submit work samples.

8) Group Exercises/Assessment Centers

Another important method used in employee selection is assessment center or group exercise. Group exercises and assessment centers involve multiple candidates working together on tasks or simulations, allowing assessors to observe their teamwork, problem-solving, and communication skills.

9) Reference Checks

Contacting the candidate’s references helps verify their work history, performance, and character, providing insights into the candidate’s abilities and suitability for the role.

10) Background Checks

Background checks involve verifying a candidate’s educational qualifications, employment history, criminal record, and other relevant information.

11) Presentation or Case Study

Candidates may be asked to prepare and deliver a presentation or solve a case study related to the role they are applying for, allowing assessors to evaluate their analytical and communication skills.

12) Assessment of Cultural Fit

During the selection process, organizations may assess whether a candidate aligns with the company culture and values, ensuring a potential fit with the organization’s work environment.


Combining multiple selection methods can provide a more comprehensive and accurate evaluation of candidates’ abilities and potential. Employers often tailor the selection methods based on the job requirements and organizational needs to identify the best candidates for the position.Top of Form

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