Advantages and Disadvantages of Employee Training

Employee training and development is an important function of human resource management. Employees should be trained on the key values and specific skills related to their tasks. This article highlights the pros and cons of employee training. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of employee training and development is necessary to enable managers develop appropriate training programmes that will meet the individual needs of employees as well as the organization’s strategic needs.

Advantages of Training

There are many benefits of training both to the organization and an individual employee. These benefits include:

  • Reducing cost of production by enhancing employee efficiency and effectiveness as it reduces wastage and accidents;
  • Increasing the workers commitment as they are able to understand their organization better as well as what is expected of them;
  • Enables employees accommodate new technology as they acquire new skills to deal with such technology;
  • It leads to flexibility among employees because they acquire a variety of skills which makes it possible to implement job rotation; and
  • It can be useful in effecting changes in management whenever necessary for example in succession management.
  • Employee training also creates a positive culture of training in the organization where the management must budget for employee training at regular intervals.
  • It also improves job satisfaction in the workplace since employees can utilize personal skills, abilities and talents to the full potential.
  • In addition, improvement of work performance leads to better quality of products and services which may lead to increase in customer base as well as profits.
  • Training also promotes good industrial relations through improving relationships amongst workers, as well as between workers and management which reduces conflicts in the organization.
  • Training facilitates reward system as it makes it possible to increase workers responsibilities and consequently the job group and salary.
  • It also enhances employee loyalty because employees feel that the management is mindful about their welfare as well as improve organizations image to its customers and the general public.

Disadvantages of Training

It is common to discuss the advantages of training and development of employees, or the importance of work training, but the disadvantages of training or the negatives of employment training are rarely discussed. The following are the general reasons why training employees can be a disadvantage.

Training costs

One of the biggest potential problems with employee training is the cost of the process. If handled the training internally, it costs money because employees will be paid for training instead of doing productive work. If an outside trainer used, he will also be paid. If employees are sent to a seminar or training conference in another location, the organization will also incur substantial cost for the training.

Changes in training needs

Information changes and whatever is learnt today will probably change in the near future and become irrelevant or inaccurate creating the need to do the training all over again. Furthermore, where online training is used for new employees, it might be de-motivating since majority of the new employees would rather learn from someone face-to-face than one-on-one with a computer because it’s more fun working with someone who can answer questions and add some energy into the process.

Inadequate Time and Resources

Another disadvantage with training employees is lack of enough time to do the training adequately. If sufficient time is not allowed for covering all the training material, and there is not enough time for questions and answers, the trainer may have to rush through the important parts of the job and skip over some of the other tasks that also need to be understood by the employee. In such circumstances, then either more time needs to be set aside for the training, or less material needs to be presented. Scheduling a training programme is therefore difficult whether it involves too many employees are being trained at one time or too few.

The Need for Training Control

It is important to be careful with regard to what the employees are learning which makes some control over the training necessary. However, Control of the Training is another challenge especially when the process is delegated either to another employee or an outsider. If the trainer does not do the job as it should be done, employees might end up picking up some bad habits along the way which may reduce organizational efficiency and effectiveness. In addition, the trainer need to have a passion for training and to know what they’re talking about since employees being trained can quickly ascertain if the person doing the training is knowledgeable, competent, and approachable. The wrong trainer can do more harm than good.

Differences in Individual Levels of Learning and Training

Training may also have different effects if the staffs being trained possess different learning levels. Some of those being trained can be bored because it’s too elementary or others will be frustrated because it’s too complicated and the purpose of the employee training may be lost from the start.

Concluding Remarks

To ensure that training is effective, it is necessary to have a proper training plan and schedule to ensure that the training team has the right training budget and sufficient time. The training should also be individualized to meet the individual needs of trainees, and control should be minimized to enhance flexibility and openness in training.

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